November 30, 2008

Bouvet Island

Bouvet Island
Bouvet Island (BV)

Population: uninhabited

This uninhabited volcanic island is almost entirely covered by glaciers and is difficult to approach. It was discovered in 1739 by a French naval officer after whom the island was named. No claim was made until 1825, when the British flag was raised. In 1928, the UK waived its claim in favor of Norway, which had occupied the island the previous year. In 1971, Norway designated Bouvet Island and the adjacent territorial waters a nature reserve. Since 1977, it has run an automated meteorological station on the island.

Bouvet Island
Covered by glacial ice; declared a nature reserve Norway.

Location:island in the South Atlantic Ocean, southwest of the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa)

Geographic coordinates:54 26 S, 3 24 E

Area:total: 49 sq km
land: 49 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Size comparison: about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries:0 km

Coastline:29.6 km

Maritime claims:territorial sea: 4 nm


Terrain:volcanic; coast is mostly inaccessible

Elevation extremes:lowest point: South Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Olav Peak 935 m

Natural resources:none

Land use:arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (93% ice) (2005)

Irrigated land:0 sq km

Natural hazards:NA

Current Environment Issues:NA

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Country name:conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Bouvet Island
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Legal system:the laws of Norway, where applicable, apply
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No economic activity; declared a nature reserve

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Internet hosts:6 (2008)
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Ports and terminals:none; offshore anchorage only

Defense is the responsibility of Norway

Source: / CIA - The World Factbook


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